Highlands Ranch History Spotlight: Digging for Treasure Past & Present

Modern-day Highlands Ranch is celebrating its 40th anniversary this year, yet the stories of industry, entrepreneurship, and community in the area date back more than a century. Luckily, you only need a smidgen of pioneer spirit and the slightest bit of gumption to discover those history lessons along trails that likely are just a stone’s throw from your own backyard.

During a break in the cold this winter, I embarked on an exploration of the trails around the historic Cheese Ranch in Highlands Ranch. And since every explorer needs a treasure to seek, I aimed to learn more about local history while discovering my first geocache.

Only 100 yards from my parked car, I stood at the base of a towering windmill facing an empty field once covered by buildings belonging to one of Douglas County’s successful dairy farms. Only the windmill, built in 1927, proved salvageable. Standing there, I could imagine the flurry of activities that must have taken place daily at the farm’s bunkhouse, chicken house, outhouse, icehouse, barn, well, main home, cheese factory, and corrals that once stood.1

Johann Welte and his brother-in-law Plaziduo Gassner grew the business from the first seed, relying on Johann’s experience working in cheese factories before he crossed the Atlantic Ocean in 1867.2 The two men shared their knowledge with Johann’s son-in-law, Philip Renner, who embraced the family business with his wife, Ida Welte. Years before the community comprising the residences that now surround this modern trail existed, ranchers would drive washtubs filled with beer and pop from farm to farm, helping each other brand cattle, according to the oral history of siblings Rodney Cole and Deborah Cole Hunter.

Today, the informational signs near the windmill are a deep well of factual information that I drank dry before turning my attention to the second part of my treasure hunt. Like any good pioneer, I whipped out my smartphone, pulled up the geocaching app, and followed the blue line pointing me to the Rainbow Bridge. My tennis shoes sank into the muddy mixture of melting snow and bare ground.

As the distance between me and my goal closed from 1 mile to 5 feet, I slipped on a particularly slick patch of ground. Word of advice to modern explorers: Don’t wear your favorite pair of jeans. Five minutes later and with muddy knees, I added my name to the list of geocachers who came before me and placed a couple of ALH stickers inside the silver tin and then headed back to my car.

Connecting the past to the present is difficult. We can only imagine the historical experiences described on a sign. Later at home, I pulled out a plastic-wrapped wedge of Limburger cheese that I bought before my hike—the same kind once produced at the Big Dry Creek Cheese Ranch. Descriptions of this cheese range from pungent and funky to something similar to foot odor. Not exactly the appetizing snack a person craves after a hike in the Colorado sun.

Summoning my pioneer spirit, I popped a slice of that stinky cheese into my mouth and appreciated the connections between myself, the Welte family, the community of ranchers, and the other geocachers—all of us, past and present, who have trekked across Cheese Ranch.


1 Cheese Ranch Site Survey, 1986, Douglas County Libraries, Archives & Local History, Castle Rock, Colorado.

2 Welte, John, Biography Files S-Z, Douglas County Archives & Local History, Castle Rock, Colorado.

HistoryGeo Is Here to Help With Genealogical & Local History Research

Tired of fruitlessly searching the internet for that Douglas County ghost town? Frustrated by Bureau of Land Management research that feels lacking? The Archives & Local History department can help with the launch of HistoryGeo.

HistoryGeo is an interactive database for mapping land patent recipients, Douglas County historic sites, and other resources that can aid genealogical and local history research. This free tool is available to DCL customers using your library card.

Through HistoryGeo, you can search by surnames, geographical features, place names, or latitude and longitude. Search results are displayed on interactive maps with modern street overlays, and are also linked to Bureau of Land Management records, Google maps, and our Archives & Local History materials. A growing list of local history markers are available to aid research into Douglas County historical sites.

Visit DCL.org/research/all-databases to connect to this free and unique resource. For more information, call Archives & Local History at (303) 688-7730 or email localhistory@dclibraries.org.

COVID-19 Community Survey 2021

Poster image for Archives & Local History's launch of a community survey collecting local experiences during the COVID-19 pandemicMarch 18, 2021, marks the one-year anniversary of Douglas County Libraries’ closure due to the COVID-19 outbreak. Last year, Archives & Local History launched a survey to collect and record local experiences during the pandemic. Now, with vaccines rolling out and circumstances evolving, we’re launching an updated survey for 2021 to record how experiences during the pandemic have changed over time.

Both surveys are anonymous and will be preserved for the benefit of future generations who wish to research how the pandemic played out in Douglas County. Please consider completing the survey, even if you didn’t participate in the first one in 2020. Depending on the detail of your responses, survey completion should take 10-30 minutes.

To participate, follow this link to the survey. Archives & Local History appreciates your contribution!

If you have material that documents the pandemic (or other local history), including but not limited to photographs, letters, records, audiovisual materials, and ephemera, please reach out to Archives & Local History to discuss a donation. A duplicate-and-return option is available should you wish to keep original materials.

You may contact Archives & Local History staff at LocalHistory@DCLibraries.org or 303-688-7730.